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Group 14 Elements | Carbon Family

PPTs of Chemistry for Tutors/YouTubers
PPTs of Chemistry for Tutors/YouTubers

Chemistry PPTs for Tutors

Group 14 Elements (Carbon Family)

Group 14 elements include a total of all five elements namely, Carbon (C), silicon (Si), germanium (Ge), tin (Sn), and lead (Pb).

Carbon is the seventeenth most abundant element in the earth’s crust by mass. It is widely distributed in nature in free as well as in the combined state. In the elemental state, it is available as coal, graphite, and diamond. In a combined state, it is present as metal carbonates, hydrocarbons, and carbon dioxide gas (0.03%) in the air. In fact, carbon is the most versatile element in the world. It is an essential constituent of all living organisms. Naturally, occurring carbon contains two stable isotopes i.e. C12 and C13. In addition to these, there is a third isotope of carbon i.e. C14 which is radioactive in nature with a half-life of 5770 years and used for radiocarbon dating.

Silicon is the second most abundant element on the earth’s crust (27.7 % by mass) and is present in nature in the form of silica and silicates. It is a very important component of ceramics, glass, and cement. Germanium exists only in traces in nature. Tin occurs mainly as cassiterite (SnO2) and lead as galena (PbS).

Ultrapure forms of germanium and silicon are used to make transistors and semiconductor devices.

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pdf Notes of Group 14 Elements

Important Tips for Preparation of NEET/IIT-JEE

  • Select a good mentor for all the subjects. Several educational channels and the best mentors of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology are available on YouTube for free. You may follow one of them for all the subjects rather than wandering here and there.
  • Centralize your study to the NCERT books and one reference book each for Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. Don’t follow too many books otherwise, you would not be able to complete your syllabus. Always remember, different books differ being only nineteen or twenty in text quality, but never differ of being nineteen and twenty-five. 
  • Follow quality notes of a good mentor for all the subjects. Don’t run behind the brand, but run behind the concise and effective notes of your mentor.
  • Make your own capsule notes for revision.
  • Maintain consistency and regularity in your preparation.
  • Revise the prepared topics regularly. Always remember, revision is not a waste of time but it makes you perfect. Always keep in mind that, “Revision is division” i.e. Revision improves your marks and ultimately your rank in the final selection.
  • Solve practice problems and previous year’s papers in the specified time frame. It would help you to finish your paper timely in the final examination.
  • Always be confident in your preparation but never be overconfident. Always read the question carefully and then answer. You usually make mistakes in overconfidence and it has to be reduced.

Important Reference Books

(1) Physics-          (1) Concept of Physics by H.C. Verma

                             (2) Modern’s abc of Objective Physics

(2) Chemistry-     (1) Dr. O.P. Tandon (GRB Publication)

                            (2) Modern’s abc of Objective Chemistry

(3) Biology-         (1) Biology by Trueman 

                            (2) Modern’s abc of Objective Biology

Download pdf notes of chemistry for IIT-JEE/NEET from the following link-

Chemistry Notes for IIT-JEE | NEET

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Class 9 Chemistry notes

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Class 10 Chemistry Notes

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Class 11 Chemistry notes

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Class 12 Chemistry Notes

Download pdf notes of chemistry for Class 12 (Hindi Medium) from the following link-

Class 12 Chemistry Notes in Hindi

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By profession, Shailendra Shukla Sir is a senior executive officer in a very reputed power generation company. He has been a professional teacher of competitive chemistry for a long time and his sole aim is to provide quality guidance to the aspirants of UPSC, State PSCs, IIT-JEE, AIIMS, NEET, and Academic examinations, especially to those who belong to the economically vulnerable class of society and cannot afford heavy tuition fees of professional institutions. 
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